Wide Open Spaces: the Pros and Cons of Open Education
Definition: the institutional practices and initiatives that broaden access to learning and training through formal educational systems.
OERs (Open Educational Resources) are used primarily for the remixing and modularization of educational elements.
MOOCs (Massively Open Online Courses) are offered by some of the nations preeminent universities for free and to massive audiences.
Whether you like it or not, we’ve moved into wide open spaces.
Pros: Open Education is Online
Making it easy to scale
Average Private College Student Body: 1,920 Average Student Body for All Universities: 6,154 Total enrollment in Harvard’s Introduction to Computer Science MOOC: 348,500 
And More Interactive
Common features of Open Education:
Instant Assessment Tools
Cons: Demographic Woes
Are they really removing barriers to higher education?
Most common characteristics for Harvardx and MITx students
[as percentage of all students]  71% Bachelor’s and Above
76% Above 30 years old
Educational attainment of incoming Canvas Network Students: 33%: less than bachelor’s degree
19%: bachelor’s degree
37%: master’s degree
11%: doctoral degree
What does it mean to “reach” millions of participants?
An estimated 4% of MOOC participants finish their course.
Number of students accessing more than half of a given MITx or Harvardx course
Total: 1.4 million
Accessing more than half: 249k
Open education is expected to continue to grow if the following can be dealt with:
Identity Verification is Important for:
Challenge Questions are created by publicly available data on students, to verify identity.
Video proctoring involves having your webcam turned on during testing, with real proctors watching.
Biometrics including fingerprinting, retina scans, and voice recognition are currently being created.
Proctoring software can often track student fingerprints or the rhythm with which students answer questions.
Instructional Quality is Important for: 
Current Best Practices: 
Small Group Work
But don’t ask us. It’s a market game.
[polls of current/former students] Reasons students take courses (all that apply):
76% interesting topic
75% because it was free
61% professional development
44% to discover what MOOCs are about
How many students would take another MOOC if it Cost… $1: 64%
View of Businesses: 57% of organizations can see using MOOCs for Recruitment Purposes
71% of organizations can see using MOOCs for professional development purposes
View of University Presidents : [ranked 1-5, where one is strongly disagrees and 5 is strongly agrees]
Improve the learning of all students:
Get superior teachers in front of more students:
Foster creative pedagogical strategies: